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Basic Building Blocks of Color

Visual color perception is influenced by our individual color preferences depending on our personal experience and memory. Therefore, standardization of light source and observer are essential for an objective color control.

CIE standardized light source and observer guarantee an objective description of colored objects. Only the use of standardized color instruments with internationally specified color systems can solve the shortcomings of visual perception.

Attend the BYK-Gardner WEBseminar to learn more!


  • Weak points of visual assessments
  • Interaction between light and object
  • Light sources: Standardized illuminants D65, A and F11
  • Observer: Standardized observer 2° and 10°
  • CIELAB color space
  • Measurement geometries, 45°c:0° / d:8° spex / d:8° spin and typical applications


  • English - EU: April 18, 2023, 15:00 (CET), 14:00 (GMT)
  • Deutsch: 19. April 2023, 10:00 (MEZ)
  • English - Asia: April 20, 2023, 15:00 (Hong Kong)
  • English - US: April 20, 2023, 10:00 am (EST)
  • Italiano: 21 aprile 2023, h 14.00 (Milano)

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