In order to perform satisfactorily, coatings must adhere to the substrates on which they are applied. There are three different adhesion test procedures to assess the resistance of paints to separate from the substrate.
The cross cut test, also described as cross-hatch, uses a blade to cut through the coating to the substrate. At least two cuts are made that intersect at 90 degrees to get a right angle lattice pattern. The cross-cut area is observed for any adhesion failure. The second method evaluates scrape adhesion using a stylus or loop that is loaded with an increasing amount of weight until the coating is removed from the substrate. The third method called pull-off adhesion, measures the amount of tensile stress to pull the coating off the substrate. A dolly is glued to the coating surface.